Several of the Harada's neighbors in the predominantly Caucasian neighborhood formed a committee to persuade Jukichi to sell his home. When he refused, they brought the case to the California Attorney General’s Office and Riverside Superior Court. By mid-1916 California vs. Harada had gained national and international attention due to the sensitive relationship between the United States and the emerging international power of Japan. In the fall of 1918, Judge Hugh Craig of Riverside Superior Court upheld the Alien Land Law but ruled that American born children of aliens were entitled to all the constitutional guarantees of citizenship including land tenure under the 14th Amendment.
Throughout the 1920s and 30s, the Harada family, with mother, Ken, father, Jukichi, and their six children - Masa Atsu, Mine, Sumi, Yoshizo, Harold and Clark, and adopted son Roy Hashimura - continued to live in their Lemon Street home. Jukichi and Ken Harada remained in this home raising their family and operating their Washington Restaurant and boarding house businesses. By 1941, the older Harada children had left Riverside to pursue careers in other parts of California and only Sumi and Harold remained caring for their parents and operating the restaurant.
The Harada family members had achieved the American Dream - home ownership, advanced education, and professional career - but their Japanese ancestry -- as it had thirty years earlier -- would once again be used as an excuse to deny them basic civil rights in the aftermath of the bombing of Pearl Harbor.
|Click the thumbnail images below for a detailed version|
|Judge Hugh Craig rules that American born children of aliens may own property|
|Family photograph, ca. 1928. Rear, left to right: Mine, Mary (Masa Atsu Harada’s wife), Masa Atsu, Calvin (Masa Atsu and Mary’s son), Sumi, Clark; front, left to right: Yoshizo, Ken, Harold and Jukichi.|
|(Riverside Metropolitan Museum Harada Family Archival Collection)|